North Dakota: Facts and Figures

North Dakota’s manufacturing expertise and agricultural commodities are in increasing demand throughout the world. Canada, Mexico, Australia, and Germany are all major destinations for North Dakota’s farm equipment, manufactured goods, and oil and gas exports. Overall, North Dakota's international trade supports more than 120,000 jobs in the state.

Job Creation

  • In North Dakota, 120,300 jobs were supported by international trade in 2018, representing 20.70% of all jobs in the state.1,2
  • In 2019, 1,742 companies exported goods from North Dakota of which 85% were small- and medium-sized enterprises. In 2018, 13,700 people were employed by affiliates of companies at least 50% foreign-owned.3,4

Exports and Growth

  • North Dakota exported $5.2 billion in goods to foreign markets in 2020, a 26% decline compared to 2019 driven by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy.5
    • Canada ($4.4 billion)
    • Mexico ($253 million)
    • Australia ($118 million)
    • Germany ($61 million)
    • Japan ($36 million)
  • Agricultural exports are important to North Dakota's' economy, totaling $4.1 billion in 2019, according to the USDA.6
  • Since 2014, the U.S. Export-Import Bank has financed $42 million in exports from 19 companies in North Dakota.7

Education and Research

  • In 2018-2019, 611 North Dakota students studied abroad.10
  • During 2020, 2,002 international students were enrolled in North Dakota colleges and universities and contributed $46 million to the North Dakota economy.10

Global Engagement

  • Since 1961, 592 Peace Corps volunteers from North Dakota have served in dozens of countries overseas.11