July 1, 2022
This week, the House Appropriations Committee approved its FY23 State-Foreign Operations (SFOPS) Appropriations bill on a party-line vote (32-24) following approval at the subcommittee level last week. As previously mentioned, the bill provides $64.6 billion for America’s diplomatic and development agencies and programs – 15% above the FY22 non-emergency enacted level.
Adding in funding for international food assistance provided through the House FY23 Agriculture Appropriations bill and the small amount of funding for international programs provided through the House FY23 Commerce, Justice, and Science Appropriations bill, the FY23 International Affairs Budget receives a total of $66.6 billion. This represents a 14.8% ($8.6 billion) increase compared to the FY22 enacted level but is 2.4% ($1.7 billion) below the Administration’s FY23 request.
International Affairs Budget Snapshot
|FY22 Enacted*||FY23 Request**||FY23 House|
|$58.0 billion||$68.2 billion||$66.6 billion|
*Excludes $29.3 billion in primarily Ukraine and Afghanistan-related emergency funding
**Reflects CBO’s re-estimate of the Administration’s request
During the mark-up, Members offered 14 amendments on a variety of issues, including international organizations, climate change, reproductive health, military grants for Taiwan, and Iran. Six amendments were adopted by the full committee, including:
As we reported last week, the House bill increases overall funding for Global Health Programs by 12% ($1.15 billion) to $10.98 billion – exceeding the Administration’s FY23 request by 4% ($401 million). A few areas to note:
|FY22 Enacted||FY23 Request**||FY23 House|
|Bilateral PEPFAR||$4.39 billion||$4.37 billion||$4.4 billion|
|Global Fund||$1.56 billion||$2.0 billion||$2.0 billion|
|USAID HIV/AIDS||$330 million||$330 million||$330 million|
|Malaria||$775 million||$780 million||$820 million|
|Tuberculosis||$371 million||$350 million||$469 million|
|Maternal/Child Health||$890 million||$880 million||$890 million|
|Vulnerable Children||$28 million||$25 million||$30 million|
|Nutrition||$155 million||$150 million||$160 million|
|Family Planning*||$608 million||$653 million||$830 million|
|NTDs||$108 million||$115 million||$113 million|
|Global Health Security||$700 million||$995 million||$1.0 billion|
|Health Resilience Fund||$0||$10 million||$10 million|
|Total||$9.83 billion||$10.58 billion||$10.98 billion|
*State Department and USAID Global Health accounts only, except for family planning
** Excludes $6.5 billion in mandatory funding requested for a five-year effort to improve pandemic preparedness globally
Development and Economic Assistance
The House bill boosts funding across all development and economic assistance accounts – largely in line with the Administration’s FY23 request. Notably, the increase for Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia (AEECA) is 14% ($134 million) less than the Administration’s FY23 request – which may be due, in part, to the significant emergency resources to support Ukraine approved by Congress in late May.
Development and Economic Assistance
|FY22 Enacted||FY23 Request||F23 House|
|Development Assistance (DA)||$4.14 billion||$4.77 billion||$4.77 billion|
|Economic Support Fund (ESF)||$4.1 billion||$4.12 billion||$4.13 billion|
|AEECA||$500 million||$984 million||$850 million|
|Democracy Fund||$341 million||$291 million||$346 million|
|MCC||$912 million||$930 million||$915 million|
|Peace Corps||$411 million||$431 million||$431 million|
The House bill provides $8.1 billion for humanitarian assistance, a 19% ($1.28 billion) increase but $616 million below the Administration’s FY23 request – which may also be due, in part, to the emergency humanitarian assistance funding included in the recent Ukraine supplemental.
|Disaster Assistance (IDA)||$3.91 billion||$4.7 billion||$4.4 billion|
|Refugees (MRA)||$2.91 billion||$3.91 billion||$3.7 billion|
|Emergency Refugees (ERMA)||$100,000||$100 million||$100,000|
|Total||$6.82 billion||$8.71 billion||$8.1 billion|
Funding for both UN and non-UN peacekeeping operations is increased by 20% ($299 million) and 1% ($6 million), respectively. Although the House bill provides $530 million less in arrears payments than the Administration’s FY23 request for UN peacekeeping, it lifts the legislative cap on U.S. peacekeeping contributions – allowing the U.S. to fully pay its assessed costs and leaving sufficient additional funding to pay down over $200 million in U.S. arrears.
|FY22 Enacted||FY22 Request||FY23 House|
|UN Operations (CIPA)||$1.5 billion||$2.33 billion||$1.8 billion|
|Non-UN Ops (PKO)||$455 million||$464 million||$461 million|
|Total||$1.95 billion||$2.79 billion||$2.26 billion|
International Development Finance Corporation (DFC)
The DFC receives a total of $818 million in the House bill, including $813 million for administrative and program costs, and $5 million for the Inspector General. This represents an increase of 17% ($117 million) compared to the FY22 enacted level but is $212 million below the Administration’s FY23 request.
Other Funding and Policy Priorities
The House Appropriations Committee completed action on all 12 FY23 spending bills this week and at least some of these bills could be considered on the House floor in July, although no official schedule has been released. The Senate Appropriations Committee could begin marking up its FY23 spending bills as early as July, although that timeline could slip as Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) recovers from hip replacement surgery.
Despite progress in the House, bipartisan negotiations on FY23 topline spending levels have stalled and there is no deal in sight. Given the political realities, slim Democratic majorities in the House and Senate, and a shortened legislative calendar in a midterm election year, it is unlikely Congress will approve all 12 spending bills before the start of the new fiscal year on October 1. At least one short-term Continuing Resolution (CR) may be needed to keep the government open and give lawmakers additional time to finalize FY23 spending.