August 31, 2022
Now more than ever, global instability is affecting the everyday lives of American families from the grocery store to the gas pump. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the ongoing global pandemic have exacerbated health, humanitarian, and economic challenges around the world, with spillover effects on conflict, disease, hunger, climate, migration, and poverty – all of which have significant and increasing economic and security impacts here at home.
Recognizing the magnitude of global threats facing America and the imperative for American leadership to confront them, the Administration’s budget request for Fiscal Year (FY) 2023 included a significant 17.7% ($10.2 billion) increase for the International Affairs Budget compared to the FY22 non-emergency enacted level.
The House and Senate proposals similarly increase funding for the regular FY23 International Affairs Budget compared to the FY22 enacted level – by 15.1% ($8.54 billion) and 14.7% ($8.46 billion), respectively – although both fall short of the Administration’s request. Additionally, the Senate proposal includes $5.95 billion in FY22 and FY23 emergency international affairs funding for the global COVID-19 response and to strengthen global health security and pandemic preparedness.
International Affairs Budget Snapshot
|FY22 Enacted*||FY23 Request**||FY23 House||FY23 Senate***|
|$58.0 billion||$68.2 billion||$66.6 billion||$66.5 billion|
*Excludes $29.3 billion in primarily Ukraine and Afghanistan-related emergency funding.
**Reflects CBO’s re-estimate of the Administration’s request.
***Excludes $950 million in FY23 emergency funding for pandemic preparedness and $5 billion in FY22 emergency funding for the global COVID-19 response.
If enacted, the increased investments for the FY23 International Affairs Budget proposed by the House and Senate would go a long way toward advancing U.S. interests at a time when global crises are mounting. The U.S. cannot afford for international affairs funding to be shortchanged for the second year in a row, especially after the final FY22 spending deal provided significantly less than initial proposals from Congress and the Administration to address growing global needs.
There is a legacy of strong, bipartisan support in Congress for strengthening America’s development and diplomacy tools. As bipartisan negotiations on final FY23 spending bills continue, the USGLC urges Congress to provide no less than the House proposal of $66.6 billion for the regular budget – as well as additional emergency resources proposed by the Senate – to ensure our international affairs investments meet the urgent needs affecting America’s security and economic interests.
The following analysis is a comparison of the House and Senate proposals alongside the Administration’s request for the FY23 International Affairs Budget.
In general, FY23 funding levels for international affairs agencies, accounts, and programs are similar across the Administration’s request and the House and Senate proposals. However, there are also some notable areas where differences exist. Select highlights of these similarities and differences are included in the chart, with additional details in the analysis below. Unless otherwise noted, comparisons are to the FY22 non-emergency enacted levels.
Global Health Programs
As the world continues to grapple with the COVID-19 pandemic and other global health challenges, both the House and Senate increase overall funding for global health programs compared to the FY22 enacted level. The House provides a total of $10.98 billion – 12% ($1.15 billion) above the FY22 enacted level and 4% ($401 million) higher than the Administration’s proposed increase. While the Senate comes in slightly below the Administration’s request, it provides an additional $950 million in FY23 emergency funding and $4.88 billion in FY22 emergency funding for pandemic preparedness and the global COVID-19 response. A few areas to note:
Global Health Funding*
|PEPFAR||$4.39 billion||$4.37 billion||$4.4 billion||$4.37 billion|
|Global Fund||$1.56 billion||$2.0 billion||$2.0 billion||$2.0 billion|
|USAID HIV/AIDS||$330 million||$330 million||$330 million||$330 million|
|Malaria||$775 million||$780 million||$820 million||$800 million|
|Tuberculosis||$371 million||$350 million||$469 million||$400 million|
|Maternal & Child Health||$890 million||$880 million||$890 million||$900 million|
|Vulnerable Children||$28 million||$25 million||$30 million||$30 million|
|Nutrition||$155 million||$150 million||$160 million||$160 million|
|Family Planning||$608 million||$653 million||$830 million||$710 million|
|Neglected Tropical Diseases||$108 million||$115 million||$113 million||$115 million|
|Global Health Security||$700 million||$995 million||$1.0 billion||$745 million|
|Health Resilience Fund||$0||$10 million||$10 million||$10 million|
|TOTAL||$9.83 billion||$10.58 billion||$10.98 billion||$10.51 billion|
*State Department and USAID Global Health accounts only, except for family planning.
** Excludes $6.5 billion in mandatory funding requested for a five-year effort to improve pandemic preparedness globally.
^ Excludes $950 million in FY23 emergency funding for pandemic preparedness and $4.88 billion in FY22 emergency funding for the global COVID-19 response.
Development and Economic Assistance
Consistent with the Administration’s FY23 request, both the House and Senate increase overall funding for State Department and USAID development and economic assistance compared to the FY22 enacted level. Within this total, there are some notable similarities and differences:
Development and Economic Assistance Funding
|FY22 Enacted*||FY23 Request||FY23 House||FY23 Senate|
|Development Assistance||$4.14 billion||$4.77 billion||$4.77 billion||$4.75 billion|
|Economic Support Fund||$4.1 billion||$4.12 billion||$4.13 billion||$4.12 billion|
|AEECA||$500 million||$984 million||$850 million||$850 million|
|Democracy Fund||$341 million||$291 million||$346 million||$367 million|
|MCC||$912 million||$930 million||$915 million||$930 million|
|Peace Corps||$411 million||$431 million||$431 million||$431 million|
* Excludes $10.5 billion in emergency funding for Ukraine.
The House and Senate both increase overall funding for humanitarian assistance by 19% (approximately $1.3 billion) compared to the FY22 enacted level but come in 7% (approximately $600 million) below the Administration’s request. The reduction compared to the Administration’s request may reflect the inclusion of $4.7 billion in emergency funding for humanitarian assistance in the emergency funding package for Ukraine approved by Congress earlier this summer.
Humanitarian Assistance Funding
|Disaster Assistance||$3.91 billion||$4.7 billion||$4.4 billion||$4.48 billion|
|Migration and Refugees||$2.91 billion||$3.91 billion||$3.7 billion||$3.64 billion|
|Emergency Refugee||$100,000||$100 million||$100,000||$100,000|
|Total||$6.82 billion||$8.71 billion||$8.1 billion||$8.12 billion|
* Excludes $11.8 billion in emergency funding primarily for Ukraine and Afghanistan.
** Excludes $75 million in FY22 emergency funding for the global COVID-19 response.
International Food Assistance
Both the House and Senate increase funding for international food assistance programs provided through the Agriculture Appropriations bill compared to FY22 enacted levels. This stands in contrast to the Administration’s request, which would either make cuts or hold funding flat at FY22 enacted levels.
Agriculture Appropriations International Programs Snapshot
|FY22 Enacted||FY23 Request||FY23 House||FY22 Senate|
|Food for Peace/PL 480 Title II||$1.74 billion||$1.74 billion||$1.8 billion||$1.8 billion|
|McGovern-Dole||$237 million||$230 million||$265 million||$250 million|
|Total||$1.98 billion||$1.97 billion||$2.07 billion||$2.05 billion|
Both the House and Senate increase overall funding for peacekeeping operations compared to the FY22 enacted level, although by less than the Administration’s request. A few areas to note:
|FY22 Enacted||FY22 Request||FY23 House||FY22 Senate|
|UN Operations||$1.5 billion||$2.33 billion||$1.8 billion||$1.96 billion|
|Non-UN Operations||$455 million||$464 million||$461 million||$452 million|
|Total||$1.95 billion||$2.79 billion||$2.26 billion||$2.41 billion|
International Security Assistance
In general, the House and Senate maintain funding for international security assistance programs at close to FY22 enacted levels. Of note:
Multilateral Assistance and International Organizations
The House and Senate both increase funding for international financial institutions and other multilateral institutions, largely in keeping with the Administration’s FY23 request.
U.S. International Development Finance Corporation
The U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) receives an increase from both the House and Senate compared to the FY22 enacted level, although both chambers come in below the Administration’s request. While the Senate comes in just $25 million shy of the Administration’s request with a 43% ($305 million) increase, the House provides a more modest 17% ($117 million) boost – and, in particular, includes $187 million (24%) less than requested for program costs. Of note:
When Congress reconvenes after Labor Day, Members will have just a few short weeks to take action to prevent a government shutdown when the current fiscal year ends on September 30th. With bipartisan negotiations on FY23 topline spending levels at a standstill and Members set to leave town again in October to campaign, it’s likely Congress will need to approve a stopgap Continuing Resolution (CR) to keep the government funded until after the midterm elections.
As the global threats facing America continue to grow, it is critical for Congress to reach a bipartisan spending deal that provides urgently needed new resources for development and diplomacy. While the emergency supplemental funding provided by Congress has been essential to address unanticipated needs, it is imperative that our international affairs agencies have the necessary resources through the regular budget to plan and operate effectively and advance American interests.
USGLC Analysis of the Administration’s FY23 International Affairs Budget Request
House FY23 State-Foreign Operations Appropriations Bill & Report
House FY23 Agriculture Appropriations Bill & Report
Senate FY23 State-Foreign Operations Appropriations Bill & Report
Senate FY23 Agriculture Appropriations Bill & Report