American leadership is critical to combating human trafficking, a global crisis that recognizes no borders and devastates individuals and families. Trafficking undermines the global economy and threatens our national security. The COVID-19 pandemic has only exacerbated the risks and the challenges of fighting human trafficking with millions of people vulnerable to exploitation worldwide including women, children, and men out of work, school, and without social support.
This is a crisis that affects nearly every country including the United States. Many of America’s state leaders across the country – in cities like Houston and Phoenix, and states including Alabama and Missouri – have established human trafficking task forces to combat the problem. As Arizona Governor Doug Ducey has observed, “We know what a pervasive evil human trafficking is in every state. This is not a partisan issue. This is a ‘what is the right thing to do’ issue.”
Over the past two decades, Democratic and Republican Presidents with bipartisan support in Congress have driven U.S. leadership in the global fight against human trafficking. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), authorized by Congress in 2000 and re-authorized in 2019, established the President’s Interagency Task Force on Trafficking, which coordinates the efforts of 15 U.S. government departments and agencies – including the State Department and USAID – to maximize effectiveness and impact of programming.
The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report ranks the efforts of governments to combat human trafficking each year. The TIP Report is a critical tool to monitor country progress in addressing trafficking, and shape future U.S. country strategies through its recommendations.
The United States has demonstrated a strong track record in fighting traffickers and strengthening the rule of law, supporting survivors, and raising awareness that advances our interests abroad and at home. These efforts have been complemented by the international community to monitor progress and mobilize support.
Prosecution: Fighting Traffickers and Strengthening the Rule of Law
Protection: Supporting Survivors
Prevention: Raising Awareness